OCD Cognitive Behaviour Therapy & Exposure Response Prevention

What CBT & ERP is and How They Are Used in Today’s Health Field to Treat OCD

CBT and ERP are two different treatment options available to treat OCD. CBT is short for cognitive behavioral therapy. This therapy is a talking therapy that aims to solve problems by focusing on identifying the thoughts, emotions and habits that lead to a person repeating the same pattern that leads to the problem.

ERP is short for exposure and response prevention. This is a treatment method that has the subject confronting their fears. It also identifies the thinking process and emotional patterns used that leads to the subject repeating a habit. It then attempts to get the person to respond differently to the way he or she used to respond by refraining from the previous behavior.

Both therapy methods are used to treat OCD. It all begins with cognitive behavior therapy. The therapist will talk to the patient. The focus will not be on the events of the past but rather more on the current problems. The goal here is to learn about the patient and even develop a relationship with the patient.

Trust is very important to the treatment process as patients need to have confidence and feel comfortable about the treatment process. After some trust has been established, the therapist will give the patient advice on how to think as well as suggestions on how to deal with their OCD.

An example is helping patients understand that they can make their own choices. Rather than submit to OCD, they can strengthen their ability to make a decision with beliefs such as “I washed my hands because of my anxiety.” This allows patients to see that they have options rather than succumbing to the thought process of something like “I have to wash my hands.”

The next step is the exposure and responsive prevention therapy. The patient will have to face their OCD over and over again. For example, if the patient has the compulsion to wash his hands repeatedly, he should just go ahead and do it. Over time, the patient will have to refrain from repeating the habit while being in the state of anxiety.

This process repeats so that the patient practices how to refrain from the compulsive habit. What this does is that it gives the patient confidence and practice in withholding from the habit. With the therapist’s help, the patient will be able to get rid of the anxiety that causes him to going through with the compulsive action.

So that is an overview on how cognitive behavior therapy and exposure and responsive prevention are used to treat OCD today. These two treatment options are proving to be effective and the success rate is quite high. These two treatments work best when they are used together. The exposure and responsive prevention therapy in particular really helps solidify positive habits and get rid of the anxiety that causes the obsessive and compulsive behavior.

Top Physical Therapy Programs

The top physical therapy programs in the nation offer an excellent core curriculum, a wide variety of specialized subject areas, experienced and knowledgeable faculty and a history of successful graduates. Masters and doctoral programs in physical therapy take students with bachelors-level training and give them the specialized skills to successfully practice in this field and make patients lives better. If youre looking for the top physical therapy programs in the United States, these ten schools should be at the top of your list:

1. University of Southern California: This respected University of California in Los Angeles, CA school offers various graduate specialties within the Department of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy.

2. University of Pittsburgh: If youre willing to relocate to Pittsburgh, PA you will find some of the nations best faculty and brightest graduate students within the Department of Physical Therapy.

3. Washington University St. Louis: This reputable university is located in St. Louis, MO and offers an excellent graduate program in physical therapy.

4. University of Delaware: Travel to Newark, DE and you will find an array of specialized areas of graduate study within this schools Department of Physical Therapy.

5. US Army-Baylor University: The United States Army offers a doctoral physical therapy program at this prestigious institution of higher learning at Fort Sam in Houston, TX.

6. University of Iowa: This school in Iowa City, IA offers a very reputable graduate program in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science.

7. Arcadia University: The Department of Physical Therapy at this university in Glenside, PA is one of the best in the nation, offering various specialties and a respected staff.

8. MGH Institute of Health Professions: If you complete the graduate program in physical therapy at this highly regarded college in Boston, MA you can expect a fruitful future career.

9. Northwestern University: The Department of Physical Therapy & Human Movement Sciences at this school, which is located in Chicago, IL, is one of the best in the country.

10. University of Miami: The Department of Physical Therapy at this university in Coral Gables, FL offers one of the top programs in the nation that is well worth considering.

Institutions offering quality Physical Therapy Programs include, Cortiva Institute, Apollo College, Kaplan College, and Keiser University.

Find the perfect Physical Therapy School today or Physical Therapy Program and start your path to a rewarding career.

Laughter Therapy A Natural Way To Cure Yourself

There are no two opinions that the laughter is healthy for the body and mind. The laugher therapy is a process in which laughter is used as therapeutic tool to heal human body and emotions. Laughter is an expression of happiness that gives people ceaseless enjoyment and produces humor. The Laughter therapy not only attracts others to the people who laughs openly but also strengthens relationships and helps people to resolve their inner conflicts. There are several advantages of using this laughter process which include health, mental and social benefits through which people can get rid of their stress and feel rejuvenated.

Health advantages: The first and the foremost advantage that we can get from the Laughter therapy is the relief from stress. It is a stress-busting technique that relieves stress and ensures safety from all heart and blood pressure related diseases and problems. Lung capacity and oxygen levels in the blood can be improved through the proper use of the therapy. The therapy helps in the production of bodys natural pain killer hormones like cortisol, epinephrine and endorphins to reduce and the intensity of arthritic pain and muscular spasms. There are evidences that the therapy helps to cure insomnia, migraines, allergies and ulcers. The therapy is also useful in reducing heart rate and stimulating appetite and digestion.

Mental advantages: The Laughter therapy puts wide-ranging effects on us psychologically and physiologically and gives us quick relief from stress. It not only develops your inner and outer personality but also enhances your leadership qualities. Laughter is a panacea that affects mood directly and keeps all negative emotions away from us. Neurologists suggest that one minute of laughter can give the body upto 45 minutes of therapeutic relaxation. It is said that a person who laughs openly copes with odd situations well.

Social advantages: Researches conducted by scientists show that the Laughter therapy improves interpersonal relationship and resolves conflicts between people. When a tense person meets a person who uses to laugh while meeting people, he founds himself in a state of happiness and takes things lightly. It is admitted that people with a strong sense of humor are less affected by the negative effects of stress.

To know more about laughter yoga, yoga of laughter, laughter therapy and laughing yoga, log on to the Internet and find several web sites that offer detailed and in-depth information on the positive effects of the laughter on the health and mind of humans.

Occupational Therapy to Improve Improper Pencil Grip in Children

There are a number of developmental, cognitive and intellectual aberrations that may present with difficulties in learning capabilities and school performance. Healthcare providers suggest early identification and appropriate management or training can lead to absolutely normal or near normal development in children that does not interfere with personal, social and occupational aspects of life in adulthood.

Improper pencil grip is the leading cause of poor handwriting as a result of impaired motor skills. It has been observed that development of pencil grip and good hand-writing is an automatic reflex that develops during the early years of schooling; however, in some children this reflex is significantly impaired. There are a number of parameters that are used by educators and teachers to determine the hand-writing and pencil grip in school- aged children as young as 9 to 10 years. The parameters like use of appropriate spacing between letters and words, accuracy of letter formation, legibility, letter size uniformity, letter slant, and alignment of words on the sheet are used as important tool in the assessment of improper pencil grip in children.

Research conducted by Carter and Synolds suggested that the majority of the children with handwriting abnormalities develop symptoms of learning disabilities in coming years.

Colleen M. Schneck conducted a research study on 60 school-aged children to assess the handwriting skills in accordance with the pencil grip and identified that the children who presented with poor handwriting also performed poorly at pencil gripping test (drawing tasks) and also manifested symptoms of impaired proprioceptive-kinesthetic awareness (impaired hand preference and perception of pencil and paper and distance of pencil from paper).

Research conducted by Benbow suggests that the position of head and distance of the writing surface from eyes plays a very important role in the development of improper grip. He explained that if the actual cause is not identified at an early age, the chances are high that the developmental disabilities or learning deficits may go unnoticed or misdiagnosed, affecting the entire life of the child. Benbow coined the term somesthetic feedback that is a form of visual compensation as the distance between the eyes and writing surface is very little, leading to fatigued visual input.

Research conducted by Laszlo and Bairstow suggested that children are unable to master their writing skills and proprioceptive-kinesthetic ability (the response of joints to the movements performed by fingers) until at least 6 years of age; but various simple tasks can help in early determination of impaired writing skills. For example an inability to color within boundaries or the inability to build blocks suggests a sluggish proprioceptive-kinesthetic capacity.

Laszlo suggests that assessment of such children in second standard is very helpful in reaching to a diagnosis to establish if the child needs therapy or mere lifestyle modification is enough. Occupational therapy is helpful in all such children as the trained therapists can identify and diagnose improper pencil grip reflex earlier than the healthcare providers and advise therapies for treatment.

GP Locum – Trained and Qualified Freelance Medical Practitioners

Are you a medical professional and wish to work in a hospital, clinic or as a private practitioner? Well it’s absolutely convenient when you choose to offer your services as gp locum. Better known as General Practitioner these locums work in the place of another medical professional till the time the expert is on leave or there is shortage of staff. These locums are also highly trained, educated and have the knowledge and skills related to the profession with just the exception that they work as freelancers. These locums are also governed by regulatory bodies and are accountable for their tasks to them. These locums can work as both full and part timers and would never let you feel the shortage of staff. These professionals fill the gap in the service delivery capacity so that the patient never needs to wait for the right care.

These locum tenens are easily available and take the place of a regular doctor thereby saving your medical facility from big losses. They ensure that proper care and treatment is provided to the patients and is well aware of their responsibilities. Highly dedicated and committed these tenens even provide an opportunity for the individual to decide which stream would be most suitable and whether the knowledge and skills of the tenens is adequate for the profile or not. If you run a hospital or any medical center and are not able to find suitable health professionals then you can easily hire a locum to fill in the empty position on a temporary basis. Locuming even offers the freelancer to try their hands in different work environments and medical fields. There are also several medical recruitment agencies which makes these locums available according to the requirement and specialization needs.

gp locums might not feel interesting for many medical experts but there are numerous benefits of being a medical freelancer general practitioner as one gets to choose the institution where one wants to work rather than working and staying in the same institution for years together. You even get to understand the work culture of various hospitals and private centers and can easily get to learn different medical techniques by working with various experienced and trained doctors.

For more information on gp locum, check out the info available online; these will help you learn to find the gp locums!

Piriformis Syndrome and Massage Therapy

In my San Antonio, Texas based Massage Therapy and Bodywork practice I often treat pain from various syndromes including Piriformis Syndrome. Like many painful conditions Piriformis Syndrome responds quite well to massage therapy and bodywork.

What is Piriformis Syndrome?

Piriformis Syndrome is the name of a painful nerve entrapment condition in which the sciatic nerve is placed under abnormal pressure by the piriformis muscle. The piriformis muscle attaches to the sacrum bone of the low back to the top of greater trochanter of the femur (thigh bone) and lies on top of the sciatic nerve. When the piriformis muscle becomes tight and enlarged, pain results from myofascial trigger points (knots) in the muscle, pressure on the sciatic nerve, and sometimes from the S-I Joint in the low back. Pain from Piriformis Syndrome is usually found in the extreme low back, buttocks, hip, and often the back of the thigh. Most of the time the symptoms are on one side, but may affect both sides in some cases. Additionally, people with Piriformis Syndrome often have trouble sitting for long periods and the pain may worsen when walking or squatting.

What is the cause of Piriformis Syndrome?

There are a number of causes for Piriformis Syndrome including direct blunt trauma to the buttocks, prolonged sitting while working or driving, Morton’s foot, or S-I Joint instability. Frequent or prolonged running on canted surfaces and participation in sports requiring quick lateral movement such as tennis, skiing, and basketball may also overstress the piriformis muscle and lead to Piriformis Syndrome.

Massage Therapy and Bodywork for Piriformis Syndrome

There are many ways that massage therapy and bodywork can be used to treat Piriformis Syndrome. The massage therapist will employ a number of techniques to relieve the condition. For example the massage therapist may use Neuromuscular Therapy or Trigger Point Therapy to eliminate myofascial trigger points in the piriformis muscle. The massage therapist could also use Myofascial Release techniques or Deep Tissue Massage techniques to release adhesions between the piriformis muscle and surrounding tissues while also using Muscle Energy Techniques to gently lengthen the piriformis muscle. Piriformis Syndrome also responds well to positional release therapies such as Ortho-Bionomy which work with the body’s nervous system to release muscles and improve joint movement in the area. In addition to working on the piriformis muscle it may be necessary to provide therapy for other muscles near piriformis and even to muscles opposing piriformis to improve muscular balance. Comprehensive treatment with massage and bodywork, in conjunction with a home program of stretching and exercise, usually helps to completely resolve Piriformis Syndrome.

Other Treatments for Piriformis Syndrome

While massage therapy and bodywork are an excellent treatment for Piriformis Syndrome there are other treatments you should discuss with your physician:

Dental Care In India – A Boost For Medical Tourism

India is considered to be the ideal destination for dentalpractises and dental surgery. Owing to the presence of state of the art facilities, hi tech dental equipments and excellent dentists in India, people have been flocking in from all corners of the globe. Dental Care in India is considered to be far more affordable than those in many countries.

Dental hospitals in India, mainly located in some of the metropolitan cities of the country provide dental treatments that are on par with the international standards. Some of the popular hospitals are located in Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi and Hyderabad. Mumbai is known worldwide for the dental services provided with quality standards and is believed to have seen the best dental surgeons perform successful dental surgery in India. Dentist in Andheri West and dentists in Malad are very much in demand for a lot of patients from foreign countries. This has been one of the most important reasons that led to the development of medical tourism in India. Dentistry in India is a field that is too vast to be described. India is a country that offers quality dental surgery and affordable dental treatments to those who are in need. The usage of specially designed equipments that are latest in the dental field and the highly qualified dentists is the reason why people put their complete trust on such professionals.

The dental surgery and treatment centres in India have the best infrastructure. Dental surgeries such as dental restoration surgeries cost a fortune in other countries. Indian dental hospitals are appreciated for the innumerable success surgeries undertaken in this field. Apart from the surgical procedures, the additional clinical care required for all patients is given prime importance in India. The excellent hospitality of the hospital staff and extra ordinary assistance provided by the medical tourism department in India gives more assistance to international patients.

India is proud to have the best group of experienced doctors who have specialization in various streams in the medical field. The astonishing rise in medical expenses for health care has proved to play a crucial role in the change of decisions with regard to place of treatment. International patients are making use of opportunity to visit India for medical treatment especially those concerning oral health. India has the privilege of being ranked as one of the top countries offering standard medical treatments to patients. With considerable amount of contribution from dental hospitals in Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore and other major cities, medical tourism in India is set to reach great heights.

Various Types of Bulimia Therapy

There are a number of bulimia therapy modes available that are being utilized at present. It’s only a matter of discovering what type satisfies the sufferers needs and the weight of the problem ought to as well be taken into consideration. Bulimia used to be a condition associated to supermodels and model wannabes. However the eating illness is currently a problem that likewise reaches common folks like us. Because of the propagation of dietary fad data being sent out to individuals, people tend to slim down without finding out if the measures that they use are truly healthy.

In case you or someone that you know is suffering from bulimia, make sure you identify the weight of the condition and take the victim to get professional help. Below are a few of the bulimia treatment approaches being employed.

The cognitive behavioral therapy or the CBT approach is where the affected person is educated to feel good about themselves, their weight, and just how they should perceive everything about them. This type of bulimia therapy reveals how the victim can handle their mind from eating too much and the way to eat healthy. Cognitive behavioural therapy uses a psychological tactic that is dependent on a clinically established investigation.

Another bulimia therapy used is the drug therapy. In this method, the doctor administers antidepressants if the victim of bulimia is suffering from depression as well. Bulimia and depression are linked with feelings of guilt as well as sadness which encourages someone to eat more and then purge.

Interpersonal of family therapy is another bulimia remedy accessible. In this method the person is trained how they can maintain strong and loving relationship with their family members, or good friends, and even anyone they come in contact with. In this bulimia therapy, it’s urged that the patient attends the clinics with the family members or good friends. This will reinforce the belief in the patient that they aren’t alone in facing this problem.

Whatever strategy of bulimia therapy you start looking into, be certain that you assist the person who is suffering from the eating condition and ensure them that they aren’t alone as they walk all throughout the process of recovery. This guarantees a far more profitable therapy and a faster one at that.

Pulpal Therapy for Primary and Young Teeth

The pulp is the hollow inner core of the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels, connective tissue and reparative cells (see Figure 1). In children, dental caries (cavities) and traumatic injury are the two main indications for pulpal therapy (also known as -paediatric root canal,- -pulpotomy- or -pulpectomy-). The primary objective of pulpal therapy is to maintain the integrity and health of the teeth and supporting tissues; thus, its treatment objective is to maintain the vitality of the pulp of a tooth affected by caries or traumatic injury.

In young permanent teeth with immature roots, the pulp is important for the continuation of apexogenesis (the continuation of the closure of the tip of the root, or apex, as the child gets older). Long-term retention of a permanent tooth requires a root with a favourable crown/root ratio and dentinal walls that are thick enough to withstand normal function. Therefore, pulp preservation is the primary goal for the treatment of young permanent dentition. A tooth without a vital pulp, however, can still remain clinically functional.

The vitality of the pulp is the most important focus of a dental examination and check-up because it is the basis of the indications, objectives and type of pulpal therapy that will be used. The pulp may be classified as normal (i.e., symptom free and with normal response to vitality testing), with reversible pulpitis (i.e., the pulp is capable of healing), with symptomatic or asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis (i.e., vital inflamed pulp is incapable of healing), or necrotic pulp.

The clinical diagnosis is derived from a comprehensive review of the medical and dental history, including current symptoms and chief complaint; subjective evaluation of the area associated with the current symptoms/chief complaint, which is accomplished by questioning the child and parent(s) on the location, intensity, duration, stimulus, relief and spontaneity of pain;

objective extraoral examination and intraoral soft and hard tissue examination; radiograph(s) to diagnose pulpitis or necrosis showing the involved tooth, furcation, periapical area and the surrounding bone; and clinical tests such as palpation, percussion and mobility.

A treatment plan should include the following:

1. The patient’s medical history

2. The value of each involved tooth in relation to the child’s overall development

3. Alternatives to pulp treatment

4. Restorability of the tooth.

For more information please visit: e-deneducation Dental Courses

Karen McDonagh is a proud contributing author and writes articles on several subjects including Dental Courses. She is passionate for Dental Education Professional and always looking for better ways to educate people.

Data Collection Is An Essential Part Of Aba Therapy

If your child is receiving ABA therapy at home or at school, then you have likely heard of data collection. For parents who are new to the concept of ABA, however, it may not be familiar. Data collection is the process of writing down everything that happens during ABA therapy, and it can help ensure that a childs learning methods are more easily understood and that parents and schools can work together to help a child make as much improvement as possible. When it comes to teaching behaviors and verbal skills with ABA therapy, it is absolutely essential.

For many children ABA therapy is offered both at home and in school. This is the most highly recommended way for children with autism spectrum disorder to receive treatment, simply because it offers the best chances for improvement and even recovery. There is no cure for autism spectrum disorder, but ABA therapy has been proven incredibly effective at helping children learn to interact with their peers and even to be able to attend classes alongside their peers without the need for special treatment and attention. That is because it helps to rewire their brains so that they can learn in the same way as their peers.

With ABA therapy, behaviors and concepts are broken down into their very simplest steps. Whether the lesson is how rain falls from the sky or how to tie a shoe, it is broken down into tiny steps, and these steps are taught over and over using prompts until the child can explain or mimic them. Data is collected with every trial, and results and actions are monitored very closely. This helps both parents and educators understand what is working and to identify both progress and setbacks while teaching the child new behaviors.

There are many benefits to ABA therapy, especially when taught at an early age. Not only can it help children learn to function within a classroom setting, but it can help them better learn to interact with their peers and to function within their own daily lives. It can offer great help to parents as well. ABA is the only autism treatment recognized by most insurance companies as well as by most school systems, and it has been proven effective for many years. With DVD training courses available, many parents are now learning how to offer the treatment at home to help make school training easier.